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A Clinic for Murder (A Dr. Samantha Turner Novel Book 2)
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Ion C. Brătianu: Romania
Published by Haus Publishing New Quantity Available: Published by Haus Publishing. In , the Liberals organized protests in favor of France - just defeated in the Franco-Prussian War - and implicitly against German Empire, the Conservatives, and Prince Carol himself. The change in tactics forced the Liberals to form their loose tendency as a real Party in Alongside several liberal tenets, the new formation took a further step towards advocating protectionism and persecution of Jewish Romanians see History of the Jews in Romania. In , aided by C. The government took steps at taking the country out of its Ottoman vassalage; however, it differed from Conservatives in that they saw the main threat posed to Romania in Austria-Hungary.
Makers of the Modern World
Liberals were of the generation that had truly brought Romanians in Transylvania to the country's attention; on the other hand, Catargiu had signed an agreement with the Austrian Monarchy that awarded it commercial privilege in Romania — while quieting its suspicion towards Romanian irredentism. He aligned the country with Russia as soon as the Russo-Turkish War of — began — with its chapter, the Romanian War of Independence. In , the country proclaimed itself a Kingdom. The Congress also pressured the Liberals to discard the discrimination policies, and the government agreed to allow Jews and Dobrujan Muslims to apply for citizenship with a year probation , but continued forbidding foreign-born people or non-citizens from owning land.
Ion C. Brătianu: Romania — University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
It celebrated its main success in , when the Liberals managed to have the Constitution of Romania amended — enlarging the number of electors and establishing a third electoral college, one that gave some representation to peasants and the urban employees. The move was not radical, and it served to obtain the Liberals political ascendancy: the very first elections under the new law brought them an overwhelming majority.
An engineer by trade, a politician by vocation, and a historian by avocation, the powerful Romanian leader did not care about voters; his only aim was to control the existing centers of power. In public he posed as a reluctant, indolent, and ignorant man, but few people knew him very well.
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Two years later, in , he was appointed minister of public works, and in December he was nominated as prime minister and took over the leadership of the National Liberal Party. Though more conscientious of the pressing needs of Romanian society, he preferred his democratic measures to be implemented without being tabled for political discussion in advance.
When he came back to power in January , he aimed to implement agrarian and electoral reforms that were postponed for a few years by the outbreak of the First World War. His long-term ambition was to form Greater Romania, more specifically to unite all Romanians in a national state, at least by annexing Transylvania and Bukovina.
Negotiations between Romania and the Entente began in the autumn of , when a secret convention was signed in St. After two years maintaining neutrality, negotiations with the Entente came to an end.
On the same night, Romania declared war only against Austro-Hungary , with its troops crossing the border into Transylvania. The Romanian army, without proper equipment or strong leadership, simply could not fight on both the Transylvania and Dobruja fronts.
The Bolshevik Revolution in November brought yet another period of unrest for Romania. This was merely a symbolic gesture. He was a man "accustomed to giving orders and to being obeyed from the moment he made the simplest gesture,"  and was thus shocked to see that at the conference the Allied powers treated Romania like an almost defeated country.
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